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eLocale glossary

globalization
i18n
internationalization
l10n
locale
localization
new media
translation


localization

Localization is the process of transferring data from one locale into another. It is a superset of translation, since it includes not only translation but also the conversion of culturally specific data formatting, such as dates, time, and money. Compare the following examples:

Instance English (U.S.) French (France)
Date (short) 5/29/99 29/05/99
Date (long) May 29, 1999 29 mai 1999
Number 12,345.67 12 345,67

Instance Japanese Russian
Date (short) 99/05/29 29.05.99
Date (long)
Number 12,345.67 12 345,67

In addition, localization includes the handling of all technical issues involved with the localization process and the proper display of localized content. These include import and export of localizable content, graphics manipulation, recompilation in a localized environment (in the case of binary/executable content), character encoding specification and conversion, resizing of graphical user interface elements, and so on.

Localization is often abbreviated l10n because of the 10 letters between the letters l and n.

See also globalization, internationalization

 

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